How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs in a Mattress in 5 Steps


Bed bugs are a common household pest that can wreak havoc on your peaceful slumber. These tiny, blood-sucking insects find their way into your mattress and upholstered furniture, making your sanctuary a less-than-cozy place to rest. In this guide, we’ll explore what bed bugs are, how they spread, and, most importantly, how to effectively eliminate them from your mattress while preventing their return.

Understanding Bed Bugs:

Bed bugs are minuscule insects that feed on the blood of humans and pets. They are most active at night, causing itchy discomfort and sleepless nights for those unfortunate enough to have them. Contrary to popular belief, bed bugs don’t discriminate based on cleanliness, as they can infest even the cleanest of homes. They can hitch a ride on clothing and belongings, making it crucial to address the issue promptly.

Time required 1-2 hours
Difficulty Level Beginner
Approximate cost: $20-$100

Before You Begin:

It’s important to note that while bed bugs are unpleasant, they aren’t a serious health threat. They don’t attach themselves to the skin but rather to clothing and fabrics. However, they reproduce rapidly and can live for extended periods without feeding, so swift action is essential.

Tips for Eliminating Bed Bugs in Your Mattress:

  1. Identify and Treat All Possible Locations:
    • Thoroughly inspect your mattress, looking for small, brownish bugs, eggs, feces, skin flakes, and blood stains.
    • Check cracks, crevices, seams, and fabric folds where bed bugs love to hide.
    • Consider professional help if the infestation is severe.
  2. Keep Your Home Clean:
    • Reduce clutter to minimize hiding spots for bed bugs.
    • Wash and heat-dry bedding, linens, and clothing regularly.
    • Store potentially infested clothing in sealed plastic bags in the refrigerator for a few days or wash them in hot water.

Safety Considerations:

  • Read product labels and understand potential risks when using chemical pesticides.
  • Follow manufacturer instructions carefully when using vaporizers to prevent burns.

Step-by-Step Bed Bug Removal:

Step 1: Determine the Infested Areas

  • Remove all bedding and inspect for signs of bed bugs, such as bugs themselves, eggs, feces, or blood stains.

Step 2: Use a Vacuum Cleaner

  • Vacuum the mattress, paying close attention to crevices and corners.
  • Vacuum the surrounding floor and hard surfaces.
  • Empty the vacuum cleaner outside and seal the waste bag.

Step 3: Prepare the Area for Treatment

  • Launder bedding, linens, and clothing in hot water.
  • Store items that can’t be washed in a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator.
  • Declutter the room and seal cracks in walls and floors.

Step 4: Eliminate Bed Bugs

  • Use temperature to your advantage:
    • Freeze infested bedding for 3-4 days to kill bed bugs.
    • Steam clean the mattress at 120°F or higher.
  • Consider using a bed bug mattress cover to seal them in or opt for chemical treatments like pyrethrins or diatomaceous earth.
  • Professional exterminators can provide tailored solutions for stubborn infestations.

Step 5: Prevent Future Infestations

  • Inspect your mattress regularly and re-treat as needed.
  • Maintain good hygiene practices, such as frequent vacuuming and hot water laundering.
  • Consider using a mattress protector for added protection.
  • Be cautious when bringing used furniture or clothing into your home.
  • After returning from trips, wash your clothes immediately.


Bed bugs may be persistent, but with diligence and the steps outlined above, you can reclaim your peaceful sleep and eliminate these unwanted pests. Whether you choose to tackle the issue yourself or enlist professional help, the key is to act swiftly and thoroughly to ensure a bed bug-free home.

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